Cara Membuat Katalog Buku

Kenapa tiba-tiba saya terpikir tentang ini, bukan lain karena tumpukan buku yang ada di lemari di kamar kakak saya. Buku-buku ini adalah koleksi saya, kedua kakak saya (Hendra dan Vivin) serta mama, kami bertiga memang gemar membaca buku. Tapi ada juga yang berasal dari teman dan juga keluarga tempat mama bekerja. Terakhir bekerja di Serpong, mama malah membawa dua dus buku, banyak buku berbahasa inggrisnya.

Saya ingin merapikan buku-buku itu dan menyusunnya agar mudah mencarinya. Namun dari kemarin selalu saja ada hambatan (ini mah alasan – padahal diri sendiri malas berbenah). Nah akhirnya pertengahan Februari 2013 kemarin, saya mulai membongkar dan merapikannya. Ternyata… oh ternyata dari jam 12 siang saya berbenah, sampai dengan jam 6 sore masih belum beres juga. Baru berhasil membenahi sebagian saja. Yah, setidaknya sebagian buku itu sudah saya daftar di excel. Jadi sudah ada daftarnya.

Tapi saya sedang terpikir untuk membuat sebuah rak untuk menyusunnya. Sekarang ini buku-buku itu disusun tidur posisinya karena keterbatasan lemari. Nah, sebelum itu terwujud, ingin rasanya memiliki katalog buku pribadi di rumah. Setidaknya, saya pikir, dengan katalog ini, saya dapat mengontrol buku-buku saya itu (sepertinya banyak buku koleksi saya yang tak ada di lemari itu).

Nah, saat saya browsing soal katalog buku di mba google, muncullah blog ini. Dari sana saya mengenal DDC – Dewey Decimal Classification. Sangat menarik ternyata tentang Dewey ini. Berikut artikel tentang Dewey dan DDC yang dapat saya temukan di Wikipedia.

Melvil Dewey

Dewey was born in Adams Center, New York, the fifth and last child of Joel and Eliza Greene Dewey. He attended rural schools and determined early that his destiny was to be a reformer in educating the masses. At Amherst College he belonged to Delta Kappa Epsilon, earning a bachelor’s degree in 1874 and a master’s in 1877.

While still a student, he founded the Library Bureau which sold high quality index cards and filing cabinets, and established the standard dimensions for catalog cards.[1]

As a young adult he advocated spelling reform; he changed his name from the usual “Melville” to “Melvil”, without redundant letters, and for a time changed his surname to “Dui”.[2]

Dewey was a pioneer of American librarianship[8] and an influential factor in the development of libraries in America in the beginning of the 20th century.[9] He is best known for the decimal classification system that is used in most public and school libraries. But the decimal system was just one of a long list of innovations. Among them was the idea of the state library as controller of school and public library services within a state.[10] Dewey is also known for the creation of hanging vertical files, which were first introduced at the Columbian Exposition of 1893 in Chicago.[11]In Boston, Massachusetts, he founded the Library Bureau, a private company “for the definite purpose of furnishing libraries with equipment and supplies of unvarying correctness and reliability.”[12]

DDC

The Dewey Decimal Classification is a system of library classification made up of ten classes, each divided into ten divisions, each having ten sections (although there are only 99 of 100 divisions and 908 of 999 sections in total, as some are no longer in use or have not been assigned).

Just as in an alphanumeric system, the Dewey Decimal Classification is hierarchical; it also uses some aspects of a faceted classification scheme, combining elements from different parts of the structure, to construct a number representing the subject content (often combining two subject elements with linking numbers and geographical and temporal elements) and the form of an item, rather than drawing upon a list containing each class and its meaning. For example, 330 for economics + .9 for geographic treatment + .04 for Europe = 330.94 European economy; 973 for United States + .05 form division for periodicals = 973.05 periodicals concerning the United States generally.

Books are catalogued in ascending numerical order; when two or more books have the same classification number, the system sub-divides the class alphabetically, by the use of a call number (usually the first letter, or letters, of the author’s last name, or the title if there is no identifiable author.)

The Dewey Decimal Classification has a number for all books, including fiction. Most libraries create a separate fiction section to allow shelving in a more generalized fashion than Dewey provides for, or to avoid the space that would be taken up in the 800s, or simply to allow readers to find preferred authors by alphabetical order of surname.

Some parts of the classification offer options to accommodate different kinds of libraries. An important feature of the scheme is the ability to assign multiple class numbers to a bibliographical item and only use one of them for shelving. The added numbers appear in the classified subject catalog (though this is not the usual practice in North America). For the full benefit of the scheme the relative index and the tables that form part of every edition must be understood and consulted when required. The structure of the schedules is such that subjects close to each other in a dictionary catalog are dispersed in the Dewey schedules (for example, architecture of Chicago quite separate from geography of Chicago).

  • 000 – General work
  • 100 – Philosophy and psychology
  • 200 – Religion
  • 300 – Social sciences
  • 400 – Language
  • 500 – Science
  • 600 – Technology
  • 700 – Arts
  • 800 – Literature
  • 900 – History, geography & biography

Memang sih kalau dari artikel ini, sepertinya agak berat ya membuat katalog buku. Tapi… seperti kata pepatah: ‘berakit-rakit ke hulu, berenang-renang kemudian’, kenapa tidak mau membuatnya dulu walau agak ribet tapi kan nanti hasilnya bisa dipakai dengan lebih enak kan? Nah, semoga sih membantu yang lagi ingin bikin katalog buku, termasuk saya… J siapa tahu dapat buka perpustakaan di rumah.

22 thoughts on “Cara Membuat Katalog Buku

  1. Pingback: Cara Membuat Katalog Danish's Story | Danish's Story

  2. Wah, hebat nih. Saya belum kepikiran bikin katalog gini. Bikin daftar pun belum. Cuma baru sampe menyusunnya di rak buku dikelompokkan saja. Ah gak banyak juga sih koleksi buku saya mah, Mas…

    Salam,

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